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Times and Seasons. Edited by Ebenezer Robinson, et al. 6 vols. Commerce, Illinois, and Nauvoo, Illinois, 1839-1846.Carmack, John K.

Times and Seasons, Vol.1, p.164-165

The court at last closed, on the 29th of November, after a session of two weeks, and three days, and during most of the time we were closely confined in chains. At the close of the court, and some few days before it closed, there were a considerable number of those who had been arrested by Gen. Clark released. Out of that number was Amasa Lyman, Esq. who was one of the seven, who had been carried to Jackson county, and from thence to Ray. They were either all released, or admitted to bail, except Lyman Wight, Caleb Baldwin, Hyrum Smith, Alexander McRay, Joseph Smith, Jr. and Sidney Rigdon; who were sent to Liberty, Clay co. to jail, to stand their trial for treason and murder. The treason, for having whipped the mob out of Daviess co. and taking their cannon from them; and the murder, for the man killed in the Bogart battle. Also Parley P Pratt, Morris Phelps, Luman Gibbs, Darwin Chase, and Norman Shearer; who were put into Richmond jail, to stand their trial, for the same crimes. At this time the Legislature had commenced its session, and a Memorial was presented to the senate and house of Representatives, to obtain a committee to investigate the whole affair pertaining to the Governor's order, the operations of the mob, and the conduct and operations of the Militia, while at Far West.

After much legislation, disputation and controversy, and angry speechifying; as the papers of Missouri, published at the time, abundantly testify. the petition and memorial, were laid on the table, until the July following; thus utterly refusing to grant the memorialists, their request; thereby refusing to investigate the subject; and thus it stands until this day, uninvestigated by any legal authority. After we were cast into prison, we heard nothing but threatenings, that if any Judge or Jury, or court of any kind, should clear any of us, that we should never get out of the State alive. This soon determined our course; and that was, to escape out of their hands as soon as we could; and by any means we could. After we had been some length of time in prison, we demanded a writ of Habeas Corpus of Judge Turnham, one of the county Judges; which with some considerable reluctance, was granted. Great threatenings were made at this time by the mob. that if any of us were liberated we should never get out of the county alive. After the investigation one of our number was released from prison by the decision of the Judge; the remainder were committed to jail. He also returned with them until a favorable opportunity offered which through the friendship of the Sheriff. Mr. Samuel Hadley, and the jailor, Mr. Samuel Tillery, he was let out of the jail secretly, in the night, and being solemnly warned by them to be out of the state with as little delay as possible, he made his escape. Being pursued by a body of armed men, it was through the direction of a kind providence that he escaped out of their hands and safely arrived in Quincy, This was in February, A. D. 1839.

In the May following, the remainder that were in the Liberty Jail, were taken to Daviess county to be tried by a grand jury of the principal mobbers, in order to see if a bill of indictment, could be found as could be expected from the characters of the jury. Bills were found, they obtained a change of venue to Boon county, accordingly the Sheriff of Daviess county, with guards, started to take them from Daviess to Boon county. On their way after journeying a day or two, one evening the guard got drunk they left them, and also made their escape to Quincy, Illinois.

Those that were in Ray County Jail were brought to trial, but no bill of indictment was found against Darwin Chase and Norman Shearer, and they were released and sent home. A bill was found against Parley P. Pratt, Morris Phelps, and Luman Gibbs for murder, and also a man by the name of King Follet for robbery. -- They also obtained a change of venue to Boon co., and were carried thither and put into jail and there remained until the fourth of July. At this time the town was all hilarity and mirth at the celebration. They also made a flag and had it placed over the jail doors. In the evening when the Jailor brought in their suppers, they walked out at the door: that is, Parley P. Pratt, Morris Phelps, and King Follett; Luman Gibbs continued, the others were closely pursued and Follett was retaken and carried back; but the other two effected their escape to the state of Illinois. Some time afterwards King Follett had his trial and was acquitted. Luman Gibbs remains in prison unto this day, 26th October, 1839.

As to those that were left in the Counties of Caldwell and Daviess, they were making all possible exertions to get away all winter, contrary to the stipulations of Gen. Clark and Lucas, granting them the privilege of staying until spring. Bodies of armed men were riding through the town of Far West in the County of Caldwell, threatening death to them if they were not out in the month of February, and otherwise insulting them. They continued however to exert themselves with all possible means in their power; many of them had no teams or wagons. Having been robbed, yes completely robbed of all they had, great exertions therefore had to be made by those who had means. Through great exertions and timely perseverance they succeeded in getting them safely into the State of Illinois, where we all are now and where we have met with a kind reception.

Public meetings were held in Quincy; contributions raised to assist the suffering, and every exertion which humanity dictated was made for our relief. But still we are, as a people, poor and destitute. We have been robbed of our all and many of us are without houses, living in tents and wagons. In consequence of our exposure, we have suffered this summer much sickness and numbers have died, and our prospects for the ensuring winter are gloomy. But gloomy as they are, still we are not discouraged. A large majority of us are farmers, but our teams, as well as our flocks and herds and all our farming materials were taken from us. Many who were independent, are now working by days works, to maintain their families, numbers of them old men, sixty years old and upwards. -- Such is our true situation, and as such we make our Appeal to the American People.

Times and Seasons Vol. 1, No. 3. Commerce, Illinois January 1840

We have received a copy of the history of the late persecution in Missouri, written by P. P. Pratt, while imprisoned in that State; published at Detroit, Michigan. It contains 84 pages written in a concise and comprehensive manner; beginning with the outrages of Jackson county, he exhibits the most conspicuous characters' in their unhallowed conduct from that time, until the whole society of the saints were driven from the State. It contains an account of his miraculous escape from prison, also the escape of Elder Morris Phelps, at the same time. We could say much in favor of the style and boldness of the writer, but this is not our object; the plain unvarnished statement of facts, which can be demonstrated by thousands; is what pleases us, though it's but a small pamphlet, yet we would that all ears were made to hear it, and that every true Republican would awake from the slumber that has so long pervaded this Republic, and no longer suffer innocence to groan under the lash of murderers and tyrants, and would raise the standard of "equal rights," and bring to condign punishment, those that have trampled with impunity upon our wholesome constitution, and made laws and Justice a mere by-word.


TUESDAY, JUNE 15, 1841.



Much anxiety, undoubtedly, exists in the minds of the saints respecting the late proceedings in reference to Pres. Joseph Smith, and many reports have been circulated calculated to mislead the public mind. We shall, therefore, give a brief account of the proceedings as far as they have come under our notice.

On Saturday, the 5th inst., as Pres. Joseph Smith was on his return from Quincy, to which place he had accompanied Pres. Hyrum Smith and William Law, on their mission to the East, he was arrested, at the Bear Creek Hotel, by two officers of Justice, on a warrant from Gov. Carlin, to deliver him up to the authorities of Missouri. He accordingly returned to Quincy, and obtained a writ of [habeas corpus] before C. A. Warren, Esq., Master in Chancery; and Judge Douglass happening to come to Quincy that evening, appointed to give a hearing on the Tuesday following, in Monmouth, Warren county, where the court was then sitting. On Sunday evening, he returned to Nauvoo in charge of the officers, and on Monday morning started for Monmouth, accompanied by several of his friends. On arriving at that place we found great excitement prevailing in the public and, and great curiosity was manifested by the citizens, who were extremely anxious to obtain a sight of the prophet.

On Tuesday morning, Mr. Little, or the defence, motioned that the case of Mr. Smith should be taken up, but was objected to by the States attorney pro tem, on account of his not being prepared, not having had sufficient notice of the trial. It was accordingly, by mutual consent, postponed until Wednesday morning.

Tuesday evening, great excitement prevailed, & the citizens employed several attorney stop plead against the defendant.

At an early hour on Wednesday morning, the Court House was filled with spectators desirous to hear the proceedings.

Mr. Morrison on behalf of the people wished for time to send to Springfield for the indictment, it not being found with the rest of the papers.

This course would have delayed the proceedings, and as it was not important to the issue, the attorneys for the defence admitted that there was an indictment, so, that the investigation might proceed.

Mr. Warren, for the defence, then read the petition of the Defendant, which stated that he was unlawfully held in custody, and that the indictment in Missouri was obtained by fraud, bribery, and duress, all of which he was prepared to prove.

Mr. Little then called upon the following witnesses viz: Morris Phelps, Elias Higbee, Reynolds Cahoon and George W. Robinson who were sworn. The council on the opposite side, objected to hearing evidence on the merits of the case, as they could not go beyond the indictment. Upon this a warm and long discussion occurred, which occupied the attention of the Court through the entire day.

All the Lawyers on the opposite side excepting two viz: Messrs. Knowlton and Jennings, confined themselves to the merits of the case, and conducted themselves as gentlemen; but it was plainly evident that the design of the gentlemen above named, was to excite the public mind still more on the subject, and inflame the passions of the people against the defendant and his religion.

The council on behalf of the defence, acted nobly and honorably, and stood up in defence of the persecuted, in a manner worthy of high minded and honorable gentlemen. Some had even been told, that if they engaged on the side of the defence, they need never look to the citizens of that county for any political favors. But they were not to be overawed by the popular clamor, or be detered from an act of public duty by any insinuations or threats whatever, and staed, that if they had not before determined to take a part in the defence, they, after hearing the threats of the community, were now fully determined to discharge their duty. The council for the defence spoke well, without exception, and strongly urged the legality of the court examining testimony to prove that they whole proceedings on the part of Missouri, were base an illegal, and that the indictment was obtained through fraud, bribery, and corruption. The court, after hearing the coucil, adjourned about half past 10 o'clock P.M. thursday morning, the court was opened about 8 o'clock, when the Judge delivered his opinion on the case.

He said, that the write once being returned to the executive, by the Sheriff of Hancock county was dead and stood in the same relationship as any other writ which might issue from the Circuit Court and consequently the defendant could not be held in custody on that writ.

The other point, whether evidence in the case was admissable or not, he would not at that time decide, as it involved great and important considerations, relative to the future conduct of the different states. There being no precedent as far as they had access to authorities, to guide them; but he would endeavor to examine the subject and avail himself of all the authorities which could be obtained on the subject before he would decide that point. But on the other, the defendant must be liberated. This decision was received with satisfaction by the brethren, and all those whose minds were free from prejudice.

It is now decided that before another writ can issue, a new demand must be made by the Governor of Missouri. -- Whether such a demand will be made or not, we do not know, but we should imagine not. We should think that Missouri has already earned disgrace enough, and that she would be pleased if that foul stain which now rest upon her, was wiped from her escutcheon. We are not informed that there has been any new demand made for the defendant or others since the reign of Governor Boggs, nor do we believe that Governor Reynolds ever will. And we hope, that on the part of the executive of this state, these proceedings will drop, and never more be revived. What good can result from such prosecutions we cannot imagine. Surely the saints have been persecuted enough; they have been trampled upon long enough by the citizens of Missouri, and we believe they never would have made the demand for any of our brethren, if a demand had not been made for some of their citizens who had forcibly abducted several of our brethren, and without even the form of a trial, tied them up, whipt, and otherwise abused them.

lt is not that the parties shrink from a fair and impartial investigation, far from it: this is what we desire, but can that be obtained in Missouri, where mobs are suffered to roam in despite of the laws and its administrators, and can with impunity commit murder and arson, upon the defenceless Mormons and no one to bring them to justice? We say no! In Missouri mobs are above the laws. They know no other bounds to their vengeance than what their wicked and vile passions dictate. For instance, the murder on Shoal creek of seventeen persons, who were moving into the country, who had committed no offence against the laws, but because of their religious tenets, were butchered in cold blood. And, we would ask where are the perpetrators? They are there yet and can unblushingly boast of their bloody achievement in that vicinity, and yet there has been no attempt to have them arrested and brought to trial. Why then are people so sensitive upon the subject of Joseph Smith and others, being given up to the Missourians? Does it arise from a sense of justice and of right, or is it because of their religion?

The conduct of our persecutors answers the question.

But what have the Saints done in Missouri for which they must suffer such persecutions?

They have after being threatened, abused, sued, harassed by mobs, and after appealing to the authorities in vain, dared to stand up in their own defence and in that of liberty and the laws -- They have resisted oppression and injustice by every lawful means, and when they did so; they were obliged by executive power to leave their inheritances. These things are true, and can be substantiated, and whatever we have to suffer in consequence thereof, we can appeal to him "that searcheth the hearts and trieth the reins of the children of men" and say, "Thou who knowest all things, knowest that these things are true.'

We do not ask for sympathy, but fair and impartial justice from all, which, if we obtain we shall feel satisfied.

Times and Seasons Vol. 5, No. 20. Nauvoo, Illinois Nov. 2, 1844

President B. Young then appeared and proceeded to select men from the high priest's quorum, to go abroad in all the congressional districts of the United States, to preside over the branches of the church, as follows:

David Evans, A. O. Smoot, Edson Whipple, Harvey Green, J.S. Fulmer, J.G. Divine, J.H. Johnson, Lester Brooks, J.B. Nobles, Rufus Fisher, D.B. Huntington, Joseph Holbrook, John Lawson, Abel Lamb, J.H. Hale
G.D. Watt, J.W. Johnson, L.T. Coons, J.L. Robinson, Howard Corey, M. Serrine, Pelatiah Brown, Jefferson Hunt, Lorenzo Snow, William Snow, Noah Packard, A.L. Rippets, J.C. Kingsbury, Jacob Foutz, Peter Haws
Thomas Gates, Simeon Carter, Albert Brown, Levi Gifford, Elijah Fordham, Edward Fisher, Franklin D. Richards, Isaac Clark, J.S. Holman, Wandell Mace, Charles Thompson, John Murdock, John Chase, A.L. Lamoreaux, E.T. Benson, Thomas Grover, C.L. Whitney, Addison Everett, Moses Clawson, William Parks
George Colson, H.W. Miller, Isaac Higbee, Daniel Carns, E.H. Groves, G.P. Dykes, Willard Snow, Wm. Felshaw, Winslow Farr, Shadrach Roundy, S.B. Stoddard, E.D. Wolley, Solomon Hancock, Abraham Palmer, James Brown, R. McBride, W.D. Pratt, Martin H. Peck, Morris Phelps, D. McArthur, Archibald Patten, L.H. Ferry, Charles Crisman, Lyman Stoddard, Arnold Stevens, David Fulmer, Joseph Allen, Andrew Perkins, Daniel Carter, Wm. G. Perkins, Graham Coltrin, D.H. Redfield, Titus Billings, Harvey Olumstead, Daniel Stanton

President Young explained the object for which these high priests were being sent out, and informed then that it was not the design to go out and tarry six months and then return, but to go and settle down, where they can take their families and tarry until the Temple is built, and then come and get their endowment, and return to their families and build up a stake as large as this.

Times and Seasons
No. 8. Nauvoo, Illinois, April 15, 1844. Whole No. 92

The following is a list of the names of the elders who are appointed to the several states, together with their appointments. Those who are numbered with the figures 1 and 2, will take the presidency of the several states to which they are appointed.

Josiah Butterfield 1st      Jonathan H. Hale
Ellridge Tufts 2nd          Henry Herriman
Sylvester B. Stoddard     John Moon

Willard Snow 1st            Harley Morey
Howard Egan 2nd          David Clough
Alvin Cooley                 Calvin Reed
John S. Twiss               Chillon Mack
Charles A. Adams          Isaac Burton
Pethuel Miller                Israel Barlow
Abraham D. Boynton

Daniel Spencer 1st         George Lloyd
Milton F. Bartlett            Orlando D. Hovey
Daniel Loveland             Nathaniel Ashby
Joseph J. Woodbury       Samuel P. Hoyt
Wm. H. Woodbury         Daniel W. Gardner
John R. Blauchard

William Seabury 1st       Thomas McTaggert
Melvin Wilbur

E.H. Davis 1st                Q.S. Sparks

Erastus Snow 1st           Warren Snow
William Ide                   Dominicus Carter
Denman Cornish           Levi Hancock
Jeremiah Hatch            Alfred Cordon
Martin Titus                 Charles Snow
William Haight             James Snow
John D. Chase             A.M. Harding
Josiah H. Perry             Isaac Houston

Charles Wandell 1st     Wm. Newland
Marcellus Bates 2d       Allen Wait
Truman Gillett             Wm. H. Parshall
A.A. Farnbam             C.H. Whoelock
Edmund Ellsworth      Timothy B. Foot
Gregory Bentley         George W. Fowler
Homer C. Hoit            Henery L. Cook
Issac Chase                Wm. W. Dryer
Simeon A. Dunn         Elijah Reed
Daniel Shearer            Solon Foster
James W. Phippin        Hiram Bennett
James H. Van Natta     Chandler Holbrook
Samuel P. Bacon          Lyman Hall
Bradford Elliot             Wm. Felshaw
J.R.G. Phelps              Daniel Fisher
John Tanner              Martin H. Tanner
Thomas E. Fuller        Gilbert D. Goldsmith
O.M. Duel                  Charles Thompson
Samuel White             B.C. Ellsworth
Wm. R.R. Stowell       Archibald Bates
Wm.D. Pratt              David Pettegrew
Marcellus McKown      Ellis Eames
Horace S. Eldridge

Ezra T. Benson 1st      John Pack

David Yearsley 1st        Wm. P. McIntire
Edson Whipple 2nd      Jacob Zundall
John Duncan               Orin D. Farlin
Stephen Post               Henry Mower
G.W. Crouse               George Chamberlain
Jacob Shoemaker        Thomas Hess
Stephen Winchester     A.J. Glaefke
Hyrum Nyman            Henry Deane
J.M Cole                    James Downing
Charles Warner

John Jones              Warren Snow
Jonathan O. Duke     Justus Mone

Jacob Hamblin         Lyman Stoddard
Patrick Norris

Benj. Winchester 1st       James Park
Seabert C. Shelton 2nd   A.W. Whitney
George D. Watt 3rd        Pleasant Ewell
Chapman Duncan          W.E. Higginbottom
Joseph King                  John F. Petts
Peter Fife                      Alfred B. Lambson
Robert Hamilton            David Evans

A. McRae 1st              John Holt
Aaron Razer 2nd         John Houston
Thomas Guymon        James Sanderson
George Watt

Alonzo LeBaron 1st     John M. Emell
Wm. D. Lyman           Ekells Truly
Wm. Smith

Morgan L. Gardner      Isaac Beebee
Miles Anderson           S.E. Carpenter

John D. Lee 1st          D.D. Hunt
D.H. Rogers              M.B. Welton
Samuel B. Frost         Horace B. Owens
John O. Angus          Joseph Holbrook
Charles Spry             Hiram W. Mikesell
John H. Reid            Garrett W. Mikesell
Wm. Watkins
A.O. Smoot 1st            Alfred Bell
Alphonzo Young 2nd    Armstead Moffit
W.W. Riley                   David P. Rainey
Amos Davis                 James Holt
Libeus T. Coons           Warren Smith
Jackson Smith             John J. Sasnett
Wm. P. Vance              Joseph Younger
H.D. Buys                   George W. Langely
Alfred D. Young          George Penn
J.J. Caststeel               Henry B. Jacobs
Joseph A. Kelting        John L. Fullmer
Jonathan Hampton      Joseph Monut

Benjamin Clapp 1st     George W. Brandon
Lorenzo D. Butler        Thomas J. Brandon

John B. Walker            Ethan Barrows
Daniel Tyler

J.B. Bosworth 1st         John Kelly
Wm. Nelson                George Pew
Henry H. Wilson           Lorenzo Moore

Andrew A. Timmons    Darwin Chase
John A. McIntosh         Nathaniel Lovett

Lorenzo Snow 1st        L.O. Littlefield
Lester Brooks 2nd        John M. Powers
Alfred Brown               Milo Andrus
John J. Riser               John Lovelace
James Carroll              Wm. H. Folsom
John Cooper               Loren Babitt
Simeon Carter             Elijah Newman
John Nichols               Milton Stow
David Jones                Edson Barney
Nathaniel Childs          Hiram Dayton
Jesse Johnson            Lysander Dayton
John A. Casper          Jacob Morris
Joseph Rose              Ezra Strong
Wm. Brothers            J.M. Emmett
Jared Porter              Allen Tulley
John W. Roberts        Phinehas H. Young
Wm. Batson              S.P. Hutchins
George C. Riser         Joseph H. Foster
Clark Rewis              Nathan T. Porter
B.W. Wilson             Ezra Vincent
A.W. Condit

Amasa Lyman 1st       Urban Stewart
George P. Dykes 2nd   Washington Lemon
A.L. Lamoreaux           Edward Carlin
Charles Hopkins          Lorenzo Young
F.M. Edwards              Wm. Snow
Salmon Warner           Nathan Tanner
Franklin D. Richards     Wm. Martindale
Samuel W. Richards     Henry Elliot
John Mackly                Aaron Farr
James Newberry         John Jones
Abraham Palmer         Frederick Ott
John G. Smith

C.C. Rich 1st              David Savage
Harvey Green 2nd       I. Van Deuzen
Thomas Dunn            Graham Coltrin
R.D. Sprague             Samuel Parker
Joseph Curtis             Jeremiah Curtis
Zebedee Coltrin          Charles W. Hubbard
Reuben W. Strong       Stephen D. Willard
Levi N. Kendall           Wm. Gribble
Wm. Savage

Elisha H. Groves 1st    John Vance
Morris Phelps 2nd    Samuel Mulliner
E.R. Swackhammer      John Gould
H. Omstead                 Zenos H. Gurley
H.W. Barnes                Jefferson Hunt
Hiram Mott                  J.L. Burnham
David Candland           David J. Kershner
W.A. Duncan              Nathaniel Levett
Wm. O. Clark              John Lawrence
Almon Bathrick            Nathan A. West
Philip H. Buzzard         Levi Jackman
Zachariah Hardy          Abel Lamb
John Hammond          Joward Corey
George W. Hickerson   Stephen Markham
Daniel Allen                Levi Stewart
David Judah               James Graham
Thomas Dobson         Timothy S. Hoyt
James Nelson              Duncan McArthur
David Lewis

Andrew H. Perkins 1st   William Corey
John Lowry 2nd            O.M. Allen
William G. Rule             Wm. H. Jordan

S.H. Briggs

F. Nickerson 1st           L.S. Nickerson
A.C. Nickerson

Those elders who are numbered in the fore going list, to preside over the different states, will appoint conferences in all places in their several states where opportunities present, and will attend ALL the conferences, or send experienced and able elders -- who will preach the truth in righteousness, and present before the people "General Smith's views of the power and policy of the General Government" and seek diligently to get up electors who will go for him for the presidency. All the elders will be faithful in preaching the gospel in its simplicity, and beauty, in all meekness, humility, long suffering and prayerfulness; and the Twelve will devote the season to travelling, and will attend as many conferences as possible.
Elder B. Winchester is instructed to pass through Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, North and South Carolina, and Virginia, to visit the churches, hold conferences and preside over them.

Times and Seasons Vol. 3, No. 9. Nauvoo, Illinois Mar. 1, 1842 Whole No.45


For the Times and Seasons.

It is with deep regret that we announce the death of our highly esteemed and worthy sister, LAURA PHELPS, consort of Morris Phelps, who departed this life Feb. 2d, in the 36th year of her age. She was warned of her approaching dissolution, and desired her companion to have her remains conveyed to Nauvoo, and there be interred with her old tried friends, who, with her, had passed through many trials, and afflictions, and had their days shortened by the unparalleled cruelties which had been heaped upon them. She was one of the first who embraced the gospel, consequently suffered much persecution from her friends; but by leaving them, and also her father's family, to be gathered with the Saints, she manifested to the world that no sacrifice was too great for her to make for the cause which she had espoused. She was one of the number driven from Jackson county, in 1833, at which time she suffered many privations, but her mind was calm and unruffled, for she had a firm reliance on Him whose arm is able to save all who put their trust in Him. During our persecutions in Mo. in '39, she endeared herself to many of her friends by her acts of kindness, and in many instances her conduct was truly heroic. When my life was sought at Richmond, and my brethren in prison had great anxiety on my account, she interceded with my pursuers, who were nearly thirty in number, and actually convinced them that I was another person, altogether, and the pursuit was stopped. She, afterwards, in company with her brother, left her home in Iowa Territory, together with her tender offspring, and traveled a distance of nearly two hundred miles on horseback, to assist in the deliverance of her companion, or devise means whereby he and his brethren might make their escape from Prison; which thing was effected, and she left among a savage horde to suffer such abuses as they saw fit to inflict upon her, but through the goodness of God she was delivered from their hands and returned in peace to the bosom of her family and friends. Much might be said of the character of our deceased friend, but our paper will not permit us to be lengthy in our eulogies on the dead. We have penned the above acts to be handed down to future generations as a memorial of her, for her faith, her patience, and her integrity to her friends and her religion.

Cowdery, Oliver, et al., eds. Messenger and Advocate: The Latter Day Saints' Messenger and Advocate. 3 vols. Kirtland, Ohio: F. G. Williams & Co., et al., October 1834 to August 1837. Electronic text prepared by the Department of Church History and Doctrine, Brigham Young University, 1991.

Kirtland Dec. 22, 1835.
Dear brother in the Lord:

I left Clay co. Mo. Sept. 11, 1834, in company with elder M. [Morris] Phelps, on a mission to publish glad tidings of great joy to the inhabitants of the earth: we journeyed and preached for the space of four months and four days held forty one meetings, baptized 16 and ordained one elder, and one teacher in Calhoon co. Ill. From this place travelled in company with elder A. [Amasa] Lyman, held thirty eight meetings, and baptized 6 in Madison co. Ill. Travelled alone, held twenty five meetings, baptized 10, and ordained one elder and one priest in Madison co. Ill.

Met elder Isaac Higbee in Clinton co. Ill. on the first of May, 1835. We travelled and proclaimed the gospel fifty six times, baptized 46, and ordained three elders in Hamilton co. Ill. Arrived in Kirtland the 11 day of August, 1835. Went to work on the house of the Lord, worked 51 days.

Left Kirtland on the 15 day of Oct. in company with elder G. [George] M. Hinckle, to publish salvation to the inhabitants of the earth. Travelled about two hundred miles, preached sixty times, and built up a small church in the towns of Bedford and Independence, Cuyahoga co. Ohio, consisting of 12 members, Thurs through the grace of god, I have labored for better than a year, in company with the above named elders, and I hope that the Lord will remember in mercy, the inhabitants among whom we have labored, and bring many of them, to see the error of their ways; and obey the gospel of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. May the Lord keep and preserve those," who have been born into the kingdom of our God, blameless unto his kingdom and coming.

Yours in the bonds of love,



From the letters of the Elders abroad we make the following extracts:

Elder C. [Charles] Rich writes from Tazwell co. Ill. "I have just returned from the north part of this state, where I have been laboring in company with Elder M. [Morris] Phelps for a few weeks past. We were opposed by the missionaries: but succeeded in establishing a church in Cook co. comprising nine members. I have baptized one since my arrival at home; and there are more enquiring, and are friendly to the cause of truth."